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|Vital signs of dogs|
We present the normal vital signs of dogs.
• Rectal temperature: from 38.5 to 39 ° C.
• Number of beats of dogs:
- Puppies: 110-120 beats per minute.
- Adults: 90-100 beats per minute.
- Old: 70-80 beats per minute.
• Respiratory rate of dogs:
- Puppies: 18-20 breaths per minute.
- Adults: 16-18 breaths per minute.
- Old: 14-16 breaths per minute.
• Zeal of the female: The first occurs from 6 to 9 months, and may later appear in large dogs, which take longer to complete their development. It takes place twice a year with a duration of 21 days, the period for the coupling being between 8 and 12 from the beginning of the heat.
• Duration of gestation of dogs: 2 months.
Normal temperature of a dog
We begin reviewing the vital signs of a dog by temperature. In an adult dog the temperature ranges between 37.8 and 39.2 ° C, the average being around 38.5º. Therefore, if our dog has a temperature above the indicated temperature, he will have a fever, usually accompanied by other symptoms, which are the ones that will help the veterinarian to establish a diagnosis.
But, although one High temperature or hyperthermia is always cause for alarm, we cannot ignore that an excessively low is also cause for concern. If the hypothermia does not recover, the dog will die.
This is particularly important when we talk about puppies, since during their first weeks of life they are unable to regulate their temperature, maintaining that of the environment in which they are. Thus, the temperature of the newborn puppy ranges between 34.4 and 36.1 ° C. At month of life they already reach 37.8º, like adult dogs.
How to take a dog's temperature? The temperature in the dog is taken rectal route. We can impregnate the petroleum jelly thermometer to make it less annoying. If the dog is very restless we will need help. Before storing the thermometer we must disinfect it well.
Heart rate of a dog
A dog's vital signs relative to his heart rate oscillate between 60 and 160 beats per minute. But, when the dog is small in size, normal pulsations can reach 180. In larger dogs this pace will be somewhat slower.
In puppies Newborns the pulsations are even higher, being able to be between 160 and 200. With about fifteen days of life it is not strange that the pulsations reach 220 per minute, being completely normal.
We can take the pulse of our dog by touching the femoral artery as it passes through the groin, so it is better to keep the dog lying on its back or standing. We will look for this artery by palpating the inside of the thigh, along the junction between the leg and the body.
We will set the heart rate by counting the number of beats or beats per minute. The alteration of this rhythm whether the heart beats faster, which is called tachycardia, as if doing it slowly, what is called bradycardia, is a reason for veterinary consultation.
In this Extraordinary Dog video you can see how a dog's pulse is taken:
Respiratory rate of a dog
We finish this review of the vital signs of a dog paying attention to the respiratory rate. In an adult dog normal breathing is, on average, of 24 breaths per minute when the dog is at rest, with a possible variation of between 10 and 30. In the first weeks of life of the puppies we can appreciate a normal respiratory rate between 15 and 35 breaths per minute.
As we commented in the section of the heart rate, difficulties for a normal breathing whether it is accelerated, being called tachypnea, as if, on the contrary, it becomes very slow, calling itself bradypneaThey should take us to consult with our veterinarian, especially if the situation continues over time.
Finally, we add to the vital signs of a dog another physiological data to take into account such as the duration of a normal gestation, which will last, on average, about 63 days, with a variation that will range between 56 and 66 days.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
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